To start the week, we will be talking about 13th Month Pay in the Philippines. I hope as you read this post you already received your 13th month pay and who known maybe your company even give you a 14th, 15th and even 16th month pay. Lucky you.
For those who, like me, still haven’t received their 13th Month then I don’t lose hope. Nagsisimula pa lang ang December. For sure you’ll receive yours soon.
I was able to post All About Paluwagan, All About Five-Six and All About Philhealth and All About BankingHERE and HERE over the past so today since this will be the trending topic of all employees this month of December, I will be giving a complete guide on 13th Month Pay. From explaining what it is, how it is computed to answering some of the frequently asked questions for your reference.
If you find this post helpful then I encourage you to share the link to others especially on your Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.
The 13th Month Pay Law
Presidential Decree 851 amended by Memorandum Order Number 28was known as the 13th Month Law. It was passed in 1975 which enabled the labor force to celebrate the Christmas and New Year better with additional monetary benefit from their employers.
Under Section 1 of the 13 Month Pay Law, all employers are required to pay their workers who receive a basic salary of not more than 1,000pesos a month, regardless of nature of their employment, position, designation and employment status, a 13th-month pay not later than December 24 of every year. This means whether you are a contract worker and/or under probation you are entitled for a 13th month pay. However, you need to spend at least one month during the calendar year to be included.
Definition of Terms
13th Month Pay is one twelfth of the basic salary of an employee within the calendar year
Basic Salary includes the earnings paid by an employer to an employee for services rendered but may not include the cost-of-living allowances, monetary benefits which are not part of the employee’s regular pay.
The 13th Month Pay Computation
Now how do you compute for your 13th month pay? The computation is mostly done by the HR or the Accounting Department but if you wanted to know how much you’ll receive on a personal lever then you can easily compute for your 13th Month.
13th Month Pay is equivalent to 1/12 of the total basic salary earned by the employee within the calendar year.
The simple formula is
(Basic SALARY x Number of MONTHS worked in the current year) divided by 12.
Juan’s basic salary is 13,000pesos and he spent 9 months of service in the current year for his job.
13,000 x 9 = 117,000
117,000 / 12 = 9,750pesos
This means Juan will be receiving 9,750pesos as his 13th Month Pay.
The 13 Month Pay Exception on Employers
Now, employers who falls in the following situation are excepted in paying the 13th Month pay
1. Employers who are already paying their employees a 13th month pay or more in a calendar year like bonus, mid-year bonus, profit-sharing payments and other cash bonuses.
2. Government and any of its political subdivision except those corporations operating as private subsidiaries of the government.
3. Employers of household helpers and/or persons in the personal service of another in relation to such workers.
4. Employers who are paid on purely commission, boundary, task basis and those who are paid by a fixed amount for performing a specific task work.
13th Month Pay Tax Exception Bill
The Republic Act No. 10653 is an act adjusting the tax exemption on bonuses or the 13th month pay received by employees from their employers from 30,000pesos to 82,000pesos.
What does this mean?
If your computed 13th month pay is lower than 82,000pesos then it is not taxable. You will receive your 13th Month Pay as is to the computation. Before the adjustment, the ceiling for this is 30,000pesos so it is one of the most important bill happened this 2015 that is pro- employees.
13th Month Pay for Different Types of Employees
If you are a New Employee,
If you are a new employee, you are entitled for a 13th Month Pay as long as you spent one month of service to your current company.
Pedro’s basic salary is 13,000pesos and had spent 3 months in his new job.
13th Month Pay equals 13,000 x 3 / 12
13,000 x 3 = 39,000pesos
39,000pesos / 12 = 3,250pesos
If you are a Resigned Employee,
If you are a resigned Employees or those who separated during the calendar year are entitled to 13th Month Pay in proportion to the length of time worked during year year. The employee is also considered as a new employee for his/her new job so the rule for New Employees will also apply.
Pedro resigned three months ago in a job where he is paid 15,000pesos. He spent a total of 9 months of service before resigning.
13th Month Pay equals 15,000 x 9 / 12
15,000pesos x 9 = 135,000pesos
135,000pesos / 12 = 11,250pesos
If you are have Multiple Employers,
If you have multiple employers, you are entitled with 13th Month Pay from all of your private employees. However, if you are a government employee and works part-time to a private company, you will only receive a 13th pay from your private employer.
If you are on a Maternity Leave,
The two months you spent on maternity leave will not be included in the computation of your 13th Month Pay since this is deemed not part of your basic salary and period spent on your service.
Pedro’s wife Maria receives 13,000pesos and spent 5 months before filing for maternity leave. Since she is on maternity leave she will still receive two-month worth of salary however the computation of 13th Month Rule will only be 5 months.
13th Month Pay equals 13,000 x 5 / 12
13,000pesos x 5 = 65,000pesos
65,000pesos / 12 = 5,416pesos
To compare if she is not in Maternity Leave and spent 7 months during the calendar year,
13th Month Pay equals 13,000 x 7 / 12
13,000pesos x 7 = 91,000pesos
91,000pesos / 12 = 7,583pesos
1. 13th Month Pay is mandated by law. Your employer can be sued for non-compliance.
2. 13th Month Pay shall be given on/before December 24.
3. Whether you are new employee, resigned and/or have multiple employers, you are entitled for your right to a 13th Month Pay
4. Employers who are giving an equivalent of 13th month pay already, nature of business is under government and its political subdivision, has personal relationship with its worker or employer of household helper or paid on purely commission, boundary, task basis are excepted to the 13th Month Pay Law.
5. Christmas Bonus is completely different than the 13th Month Pay Christmas Bonus is not mandated by law and not a responsibility of the employer. Nasa employer kung magbibigay siya ng bonus.
I hope this post helped you.
If you have questions regarding 13th Month Pay and I might be of help then don’t forget to comment below.
Izza of SavingsPinay promotes financial literacy for the young and young at heart by providing insights and tips on budgeting, saving, investing and online entrepreneurship. Aside from this blog she also writes at www.izzaglino.com, a beauty and lifestyle blog for frugal Pinays and manages, www.izzagevents.com, a wedding and event business since 2011. For inquiries, topic suggestions or future collaborations email her firstname.lastname@example.org