EXTRAS Investing PERSONAL FINANCE Series

SAVINGSPINAY SERIES | Day 2: Gabay sa Tamang Pagpili ng Mutual Fund

November 18, 2015

Thank you for the positive response on  this month’s SavingsPinay Series. Make sure to joining the SavingsPinay Facebook Group which would be very active in terms of giving budget, saving, productivity and entrepreneurship advice.

Today we will be focusing on the Guide in Choosing the Right Mutual Fund to Invest With. 

Now, choosing a mutual fund is like walking into a mall filled with stores that offer great choices, discounts and more. In the United States for example, there are about 10,000 different mutual fund you can choose. It’s fortunate that here in the Philippines the number of mutual fund types are just around a hundred. Still, one could argue that sorting though this hundred of choices is very hard.

Is this your first time investing?


A lot of SavingsPinay Readers are first timers when it comes to investing. And since I consider myself a beginner, I believe I can really share how the process in choosing a mutual fund is. I have to be honest since I’ve talked about in the past posts that when I invested in FAMI-SALEF it was more of an impulsive move. I researched, read a lot of blogs and testimonials and given a leap of faith on what it could bring me. After two years, I am still happy with my decision. 


Different Types of Mutual Funds

Yesterday, I’ve given a brief overview on how mutual funds are classified. Fundamentally, mutual funds are classified into four types
  • Stock Funds
  • Bond Funds
  • Money Market Funds and
  • Specialized Funds
Let’s Differentiate Each.

Stock Funds

Stock Mutual Funds (Equity Funds) has access to equities in an affordable and relatively safe environment. If you are after diversification, professional management, liquidity, fund safety and low entry cost then mutual funds that fall in this category is for you. 

Stock Mutual Funds (Equity Funds) own a large number of different stocks in different industries. This secures that the risk is spread out meaning if one company suddenly fails it won’t affect the fund’s performance dramatically. 
Stock Mutual Funds (Equity Funds)  are characterized by how they choose the company to invest with. Most often than not they choose investing in a labeled company that has market capitalization of small or large. Companies that have small market capitalization offers more opportunities for rapid growth while companies with large market capitalization are much stable. 

Under Stock Mutual Funds are the following:

Growth Funds

    • Invests in stocks that are expected to appreciate over time. 
    • Invests on companies that have potential to grow consistently. 
    • Invests on firms with consistent growth in sales and earnings.
Possible Return
               10-20 years in the form of price appreciation.

Income Funds

    • Buy stocks that show consistent dividend growth and high dividend yields. 
    • Targets real estates and utilities (Meralco, Manila Water etc.)
    • Mixture of  bonds and stocks
Possible Return
               Long period or time, perfect if you want to enjoy your retirement years.

  

       Value Funds

    • Invests on stocks that are trading below the value of the company’s assets.
    • Looks after industry group that has fallen out of favor with investors.
Possible Return
          Risky since you hope for the industry to catch-up growth.
Cyclical and Sector Funds

    • Invests in stocks that are in a market boom.
    • Invests in a particular field or business sector like healthcare, technology etc.
Possible Return
          Risky since you fully depend on the stock performance of a particular business.


Bond Funds


Bond mutual funds offer diversification and spreads the risk by investing over a large number of other bonds. 
Here are the type of bonds funds you can invest with:

Short-Term Bond Funds

    • Matures in a few years or less.
    • Yields better than money market bond account or bank certificate.
    • Perfect for people who are investing today in preparation of a big purchase in the future
Possible Return
               Expect return in 3-5 years. 

Mid-Term Bond Funds

    • Has 5-10 years maturity
    • Offers great chance for higher returns than Mid-Term Bond Fund
Possible Return
          Expect return in 5-10 years but be extra careful on fees that can eat up your gains as an investor

Long Term Bond Funds

    • Matures past the 10-year mark.
    • Most volatile of all the bond fund types
    • Highly exposed on interest rate fluctuations.
Possible Return

              Expect return in longer than 10 years investment.

Money Market Funds
Money Market Funds are investment vehicles that invests in extremely short-term cash or cash equivalent instruments. They offer higher interest rate than regular bank accounts and is known as a safe place to park your money if and then you have something to purchase in the future. Money Market Funds have check-writing feature and other services to make it as a convenient investment vehicle. 
Money Market Funds Are Divided into Two; Taxable Money Market and Tax-Free Money Market.

  • Taxable Money Market

    • Invests in short-term corporate securities, bank certificates and other givernment-backed securities.
    • Considered as relatively safe investments
Possible Returns
          Suitable for short-term investments. 
  • Non-Taxable Money Market
    • Invests in treasury and have full faith on government-backed securities.
    • Excepted from income tax.
Possible Returns
          Suitable for short-term investments. 
Specialized Funds
These funds are considered specialized because they follow a specific investment objective. These are industry-preferred bonds that follow a strict goal and investment strategy implemented for years. 
Some examples for Specialized Funds are the following:
  • Real Estate Investment Trusts
    • Invests in income-producing real estate like hospitals, shopping center, apartments etc.
    • Fund Manager find properties worth investing. 
Possible Return
               Depends on the growth of the target industry
  • International Funds
    • Gives you the opportunity to participate in the growth of foreign economies.
Possible Return
               Carry some particular risks 
How To Pick A Good Mutual Fund
With the different types of mutual fund you just read, you might have some information overload. Don’t worry, there is a selection process you can follow to select the best mutual fund that can match your financial goals
 Step 1. Identify Your Goals as an Investor
     Whether you are investing in a mutual fund or any other investment vehicle, you need to have an investment goal. Investment goals are your very own desires for the money you are investing. What will you do with the money you invested? Are you investing today for your retirement? or Are you investing today for a near-future expense like a house, a car or college education? Your goal as an investor will enable you to narrow down the mutual fund you will invest with. 
Step 2. Asses Your Risk Tolerance as an Investor
     Again on Day 1 I’ve shared briefly the need to assess first what type of investor your are. Are you Conservative meaning have low risk tolerance? Are you Moderate meaning can take medium risk tolerance or are you Aggressive who have high risk tolerance? Identifying your risk tolerance as an investor is as important as identifying your goals. You just need to examine whether you are a risk-taker or not. 

Step 3. Think About Your Investment Time Horizon
How long can you afford to let your money grow in a mutual fund? Remember that the longer your investment time horizon is the better the result of your investment will be. I suggest a time horizon of at five or more years. This is why the best time to invest is NOW.
Step 4. Select Your Investment Style
We all have different styles as an investor. I, for example, are more into long-term capital appreciation fund. Since I am still at my early 20’s I can generally fathom my money to be invested over the next 10-20 years. 
If ever your needed the return in the near future then you might consider an income fund or a money market fund. Yes, the return may not be that high compared to those who invested long-term but still higher result than parking your money in a savings account. 
Balanced Fund on the other hand satisfy investors who are into long-term appreciation but unwilling to take risks. It invests on stocks and bonds. 

Step 5. Examine the Charges and Fees
If you invest in mutual fund you are entrusting your money to a professional asset management firm. These firms has charging fees to the investor and you can read about them in the prospectus. Understand the different types of fees that you can be charged when purchasing an account. Research more about the sales fee or how much they charge if ever you withdraw your money. FAMI, for example will charge you if you an amount of your investment in the first six months. This is to cover any administrative charges associated with the investment and/or discourage you from withdrawing your money that early. 
Step 6. Evaluate Based on Testimonials
I encourage you to research a lot if you are investing for the first time. Research on the experience of other investors and research more so on the past results. 
Think about the following:
  1. Is this fund consistent in making market returns?
  2. Did the returns vary dramatically throughout the year?
  3. How did the fund manager perform under certain conditions?

MUST READ: How to Worry-Free Invest in the Philippines
 

Step 7. Study the Fund Fact Sheet
Each Mutual Fund’s Fund Fact Sheet matter. You can easily see how they diversify each investment, what their objective for the fund is and more. These fund fact sheets are most often than not updated on a monthly basis giving you a precise information about the fund’s performance.
Overall
Selecting a mutual fund nowadays is such a daunting task, but there are processes that can make the activity easier. Just think about your objective and your risk tolerance. Also, be sure to ponder about the fund performance and seek help from others who have tried investing as well. 
Top 10 Best Performing Mutual Fund in the Philippines from MutualFundPhilippines.com

    Did you enjoy Day 2 of the SavingsPinay Series: Yumaman sa Mutual Fund?

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Clariza Glino

Izza of SavingsPinay promotes financial literacy for the young and young at heart by providing insights and tips on budgeting, saving, investing and online entrepreneurship. Aside from this blog she also writes at www.izzaglino.com, a beauty and lifestyle blog for frugal Pinays and manages, www.izzagevents.com, a wedding and event business since 2011. For inquiries, topic suggestions or future collaborations email her at izza@savingspinay.ph